The most important thing in battle is not getting killed. Then you worry about killing the enemy. Simple in theory, not simple in practice. It is mostly common sense but it is amazing how many people lack common sense.

Being shot is the last thing anyone wants to happen to them. It hurts and can be very fatal. The best way to avoid getting shot and killed is to not attend the war. Unfortunately this is not always a choice.

Another method to avoid getting shot is to prevent the enemy from seeing you. If he doesn’t know you are there he can’t shoot you right?

Okay. You have to shoot him, that is your job and by shooting at him he quickly learns that you are there. The enemy is mostly likely just like you, he doesn’t want to get shot and killed and his job is to shoot you.

Now you both know the other person is out there. You may not always know exactly where the other person is however. Standing out in the open lets the enemy find you and shoot you quickly. Getting behind a bush delays the enemy from figuring out where to shoot at. Bullets go through bushes and if the enemy guesses right you get shot and that is very bad.

To avoid having the enemy get lucky you have to get behind something that can stop bullets, like a rock, a car, ect. Simple stuff.

If the enemy knows where you are he can still aim and shoot you if you keep trying to shoot him. You can aim too. However, by aiming you are taking the chance that the enemy will get lucky and shoot you first so you will probably try to be quick about shooting at the enemy. Quick does not mean accurate, but the enemy is probably in the same situation so neither one of you is very accurate.

In order to fire effectively at the enemy several firing requirements must be met.

1. He must be able to find and know where you are.

2. He must have a target to shoot at. He can know you are behind a car but that doesn’t mean he can shoot you unless you give him something (like your head) to shoot at.

3. He must be able to aim. If you don’t aim your accuracy will suffer dramatically.

This is where tactics come into effect. The best marksman cannot hit the broad side of a barn if he is not willing to take a shot at it. An enemy machine gunner cannot shoot you if he is not willing to expose themselves and fire at you. Sticking your gun out of cover and firing blindly is still a dangerous thing to do because you might get a hand shot off. Besides, it is very unlikely you will hit anything.

By firing more bullets you might intimidate the enemy and ruin his aim. By firing more bullets you might even get lucky but probably not. If the enemy gets scared and gets behind something that stops bullets you can take your time to aim and wait for him to stick his head out. When he does stick his head out to see where you are at, you can drill him right between the eyes.

Make it harder for the enemy to see you and you make it harder for him to shoot you, period.

This is where teamwork comes into play. One on one is not a battle, it is a fight. A battle involves multiple opponents. One of my favorite sayings is “Teamwork is essential, it gives them someone else to shoot at.” If they are shooting at someone else they are not shooting at you. However, you have a duty to the person who is being shot at to make the enemy stop. He would do the same for you right?

When the enemy is not shooting at you then you can take the time to aim at the enemy and fire accurately. A lot of confusion comes from the fact that nobody knows who is being shot at or where the enemy is. The enemy may not see all of your team, just a few individuals. If he doesn’t see you he isn’t shooting at you. . .

If the enemy is shooting he is easier to find. Follow the noise and muzzle flash, then shoot there. You get the picture.

The enemy might see you and fire at you. You can stand in the open and pretend to be Rambo for the brief period of time it will take for the enemy to shoot you or you can take countermeasures.

Countermeasures will make it harder for the enemy to see and shoot you. They will give the enemy less of a target to shoot and may confuse him. Countermeasures don’t work if you remain stationary and they are called Evasive Movement. Key word ‘Movement’.


So the big question is, if you’re a security guard, how can you avoid being shot while protecting people, places, and things on the job?  It’s not completely out of your hands.

Here are some steps you can take:

  1. Be extra aware at entry and exit points.  Entry and exit points are often dangerous because your scope of vision is minimal. You can only see what is directly outside the door and if it is  dark you might not be able to see much farther that the entry or exit way.  Go slow and listen carefully.  Trust your instincts as they are often right.  Look for things that might be out of place and suggest that someone might have been there recently if you are familiar with the area.  Use all of your senses and be extra careful.


  1. Be ready to diffuse public disturbances and be aware of the body signals and behaviors that people around you are displaying.  Is there someone that looks especially nervous?  Is someone playing with something in their pocket?  Keep alert and watch other people that are in the vicinity.



  1. Wear protective body armor if possible.  If you are in a situation that is more dangerous than usual, it would not be out of line to ask your employer to provide a bullet proof vest for that occasion.


  1. Never let  your mind wander.  Many of the incidences that involve the shooting of a security  guard have happened when the security guard was caught unawares.
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