A security guard (or security officer) is a person who is paid to protect property, assets, or people. Security guards are usually privately and formally employed civilian personnel. Often, security officers are uniformed and act to protect property by maintaining a high visibility presence to deter illegal and inappropriate actions, observing (either directly, through patrols, or by watching alarm systems or video cameras) for signs of crime, fire or disorder; then taking action and reporting any incidents to their client and emergency services as appropriate.
A Security Guard must inspect and adjust security systems, equipment, and machinery to ensure operational use and to detect evidence of tampering. Some Security Guards drive and guard armored vehicle to transport money and valuables to prevent theft and ensure safe delivery.
A Security Guard must be capable of writing reports about the daily activities and irregularities such as equipment or property damage, theft, presence of unauthorized persons or unusual occurrences. He or she must be well versed in the English Language, able to read and write with proper grammar and spelling.
In addition, many Security Guards are required to have Computer skills – using word processing and spreadsheet programs for database entries.
While on duty, a Security Guard must call the police or fire departments in cases of emergency. Usually, a guard cannot make an official arrest, which is why fast thinking and good communication skills are important when contacting the police or fire department.
A Security Guard is also expected to have knowledge of relevant equipment, policies, procedures, and strategies to promote effective local, state or national security operations for the protection of people, data, property, and institutions.
As mentioned earlier, the Security Guard must have good communication skills since they are working with all different types of people of different ethnic backgrounds, beliefs and understandings. The Security Guard must show great principles and show adequate processes for providing customer and personal services. The Security Guard must provide help for customer needs make assessment of situations, and above all – have a quality of standards for services that he/she provides.
Finally, a Security Guard must have full knowledge of laws, legal codes, court procedures, precedents, government regulations, executive orders, agency rules, and the democratic political process. These things are imperative for a Security Guard to understand, because these rules and regulations are the basis for all proper actions taken as the Security Guard.